The EU and its member states are individually responsible for ratifying the Paris Agreement. There was a strong preference for the EU and its 28 Member States to simultaneously table their ratification instruments to ensure that neither the EU nor its Member States commit to commitments that belong exclusively to the other and there was concern that there was a disagreement on each Member State`s share of the EU-wide reduction target. just as Britain`s vote to leave the EU could delay the Paris pact.  However, on 4 October 2016, the European Parliament approved the ratification of the Paris Agreement and the EU tabled its ratification instruments on 5 October 2016 with several EU Member States.  9 Jean Chemnick, World Agrees to Historic Climate Deal, Energy – Environment (December 12, 2015). As noted in particular in this press release, the United States has insisted that the “must” in the phrase “must” in the phrase “parts of developed countries will continue to take the lead in setting absolute emission reduction targets for the entire global economy” in Article 4. How each country is on track to meet its obligations under the Paris Agreement can be constantly monitored online (via the Climate Action Tracker  and the climate clock). The Paris Agreement is the first legally binding universal global agreement on climate change adopted at the Paris Climate Change Conference (COP21) in December 2015. The objective of the agreement is to reduce the global warming described in Article 2 and to promote the implementation of the UNFCCC by the following form: While the United States and Turkey are not part of the agreement, since countries have not indicated their intention to withdraw from the 1992 UNFCCC, they will continue to engage as Schedule 1 countries under the UNFCCC. , to prepare national communications and an annual inventory of greenhouse gases.
 Adaptation issues were at the forefront of the paris agreement. Collective long-term adaptation objectives are included in the agreement and countries must be accountable for their adaptation measures, making adaptation a parallel element of the mitigation agreement.  Adaptation objectives focus on improving adaptive capacity, resilience and vulnerability limitation.  Article 28 of the agreement allows the parties to withdraw from the agreement after sending a notice of revocation to the custodian.